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General Situation
Natural Resources
    Natural Resources
    Date:2020-08-03 10:25

    Zhejiang is a high-yield comprehensive agricultural area in China. Hangzhou-Jiaxing-Huzhou Plain and Ningbo-Shaoxing Plain are famous granaries and silk and tea production areas. Zhoushan Fishery is the largest fishery in China. Tea, silk, aquatic products, oranges and bamboo products occupy an important position in the country. It has abundant non-metallic mineral resources, and the Continental Shelf Basin of the East China Sea has good prospects for oil and natural gas development.

    Zhejiang is one of the cradles of ancient Chinese civilization. A million years ago human activities already existed in the territory, and more than 100 Neolithic sites have been discovered. The most famous are the Liangzhu Culture from 4000 to 5000 years ago, the Hemudu Culture from 5000 to 7000 years ago, the Majiabang Culture from 6000 years ago, the Kuahuqiao Culture from 7000 to 8000 years ago, and the Shangshan Culture from 10,000 years ago. Recently, at the Liangzhu site, the largest ancient city in China has been discovered, which existed 5,000 years ago.

    Zhejiang belonged to the Wu and the Yue states during the Spring and Autumn Period, and to the Chu state during the Warring States Period. During the Qin Period it belonged to the Kuaiji County, Zhang County, and Minzhong County; during the Han Period, it belonged to the Yangzhou Prefecture. In the period of the Three Kingdoms, it was placed in the territory of Soochow and still belonged to Yangzhou. In the Tang Dynasty, it first belonged to Jiangnan Province, then Jiangnan East Province, and was later split into Zhejiang East and Zhejiang West. It was the first time Zhejiang was used as the name of an administrative region. During the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, Qian Liu, a native of Lin'an, founded Wuyue Kingdom, which belonged to Jiangnan Province. In the Northern Song Dynasty, it belonged to Liangzhe Region. In the Southern Song Dynasty with Lin'an (now Hangzhou) as the capital, it was divided into Liangzhe West and Liangzhe East. In the Yuan Dynasty, it belonged to Jiangzhe Branch Province; in the early Ming Dynasty, it belonged to Zhejiang Branch Province, briefly referred to as Zhejiang Province. It was the first time Zhejiang was used as the name of a province, governing 11 prefectures, 1 state, and 75 counties under its jurisdiction, and the provincial boundaries are basically finalized. In the early years of Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty, it was changed to Zhejiang Province, which has been used to this day. According to statistics, since the Eastern Han Dynasty, there have been more than 1,000 Zhejiang writers recorded in history, accounting for about one-sixth of the country. Especially since the May Fourth Movement, a large number of Zhejiang cultural celebrities have appeared, represented by Lu Xun and Mao Dun. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, about one-fifth of the academicians (members of the academic department) were from Zhejiang.

    Zhejiang's natural scenery and cultural landscapes complement each other. As the host of the 2016 G20 Summit, Hangzhou is blessed with a unique charm integrating historical appeal with modern splendor. With the West Lake of Hangzhou as the center, criss-crossing scenic spots scatter throughout the whole province, including 22 national-level scenic zones, 4 national-level tourist resorts, 10 national-level nature reserves, 30 national garden cities, 11 national-level wetlands, 39 national forest parks, and 5 national-level urban wetland parks. The province has 9 national historical and cultural cities including Hangzhou, Ningbo, Shaoxing, Quzhou, Jinhua, Linhai, Jiaxing, Huzhou, and Wenzhou, 20 Chinese historical and cultural towns, and 28 Chinese historical and cultural villages. The total number of famous towns and villages ranks the first in the country. Among the four batches of national intangible cultural heritage lists announced by the State Council, Zhejiang ranked first in the country in each batch, and the total number of entries has now reached 217. The West Lake of Hangzhou, the Zhejiang section of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal and the East Zhejiang Canal are on the list of World Cultural Heritage, and Jianglang Mountain is on the list of World Natural Heritage. Zhejiang is famous for its rich tourism resources, with 27 national-level excellent tourist cities, over 800 important spots of geomorphic landscape, over 200 spots of water landscape, over 100 spots of biological landscape, over 100 spots of cultural landscape, and 450 island scenic spots for tourism development. There are 22 national-level scenic zones, 4 national-level tourist resorts, and 197 high-level scenic spots above 4A, ranking the first and second in the country respectively. Among them, the national 5A tourist attractions include the West Lake of Hangzhou, Qiandao Lake, Putuo Mountain, Yandang Mountain, Wuzhen Ancient Town, Xikou-Tengtou of Fenghua, Hengdian World Studio of Dongyang, Xixi Wetland, the South Lake of Jiaxing, Lu Xun's Former Residence in Shaoxing, Shenyuan Scenic Area, Kaihua Root Palace Buddhist Cultural Tourism Zone, Nanxun Ancient Town, Tiantai Mountain, and Shenxianju Scenic Zone. Every year hundreds of thousands of tourists are attracted to Zhejiang.

    Zhejiang has a forest area of 90,886,500 mu, of which 45.356 million mu is the ecological welfare forest above the provincial level, with a forest coverage rate of 61%. The total stock volume of standing timber is 314 million cubic meters, ranking top in the country.

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